Upadhyay, R., Pringle, G., Beckett, G., Potter, S., Han, L., Welch, S., Usmani, A. and Torero, J.L., 2008. An Architecture for an Integrated Fire Emergency Response System for the Built Environment. Fire Safety Science 9: 427-438. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-427
FireGrid is a modern concept that aims to leverage a number of modern technologies to aid fire emergency response. In this paper we provide a brief introduction to the FireGrid project. A number of different technologies such as wireless sensor networks, grid-enabled High Performance Computing (HPC) implementation of fire models, and artificial intelligence tools need to be integrated to build up a modern fire emergency response system. We propose a system architecture that provides the framework for integration of the various technologies. We describe the components of the generic FireGrid system architecture in detail. Finally we present a small-scale demonstration experiment which has been completed to highlight the concept and application of the FireGrid system to an actual fire. Although our proposed system architecture provides a versatile framework for integration, a number of new and interesting research problems need to be solved before actual deployment of the system. We outline some of the challenges involved which require significant interdisciplinary collaborations.