For fire safety engineering, a new responsibility - to avoid environmental damage - arises besides the traditional tasks, which in the first line are the protection of life and property. An increasing awareness focuses on the environmental impacts of fire suppression activities. The global dimensions of environmental pollution originating from major incidents as well as from natural fires are depicted. The banning of Halons because of their ozone depleting potential is explained. Initiated by a fire in a chemical warehouse Central Europe's interest concentrates on the retention of contaminated extinguishing water. Finally, remediation strategies for fire related environmental pollution are discussed.